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Study Guide
Chapter 4

Chapter 4
The Appointed Time--Heirs of Yahuah

Rav Sha’ul’s Commentary:

In Chapter 4, Sha’ul explain the function of The Law in our lives to act as a tutor pointing us to the coming Messiah and creating a need within us for a mediator. It is through Obedience to the letter of The Law that we mature Spiritually and come to understand Yahuah’s Intentions.

Galatians 4:1-7
The Law is our Guide to Maturity

1 But I say this: As long as the heir is an infant (we begin as children of Yahuah, and are trained in ‘intent’ by keeping ‘the letter’ of The Law), he is no different than a slave (you are either a slave to sin, or a slave to Righteousness… you are never truly free, Romans 6:19-21), although he is to be ruler of all (ultimately, once trained in The Law, we will govern Creation as our inheritance, Ephesians1, by The Law which is the constitution of The Kingdom, and flows forth from Jerusalem Micah 2:4);

2 But (as an immature child) is under the subjection of teachers and office holders until the time appointed by the Father (that we reach the age of accountability in Spiritual Intent).

3 So we also, when we were infants, we were in bondage under the elements of the world (in bondage to sin and death, Romans 6:6 and 2 Timothy 2:26 and John 8:34 and Romans 7:24 and 2 Peter 2:19 and Romans 6:18 and Acts 8:23)

4 But when the appointed time had fully come (as prophesied by His Prophets, Romans 1:2-4), Yahuah sent forth His Son (born by the seed of David through Joseph), coming into existence from (the womb of) a woman (Psalms 139:13), coming into existence under the subjection of The Law—

5 In order that those who were under the subjection of The Law might be redeemed (From the Death penalty, not The Law) by Him, so that we might receive the Adoption of Sons (by fulfilling The Law’s requirements through Grace and receiving Eternal life as Promised in The Law for Obedience).

6 And because you are sons, Yahuah sent forth the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, which cries: Abba! Father!

7 And because He is your Father, you are no longer a slave (This is the same word as used in Acts 2: 18, I Corinthians 7: 22-23, Luke 12: 46, I Timothy 6: 1, Romans 1: 1, II Timothy 2: 24, Titus 1: 1, James 1: 1, II Peter 1: 1, II Corinthians 4: 5, and Ephesians 6: 7) but a son; and if a son, then an heir of Yahuah through The Yahushaic Covenant.



Galatians 4:8-20
Do Not Worship Gods (elohim)--In Any Way!

Galatians 4:8-20
Proper Translation in Context

8 But then, indeed, when you did not know Yahuah, you were in bondage to that which, by nature, are nothing but false gods (elohim).

9 But now, knowing Yahuah, or rather, having been known by Yahuah, why do you return to the powerless gods (elohim), and bow down to sacred poles (Sacred Pole: Traditionally translated ELEMENTS) Why do you want to be in bondage to them all over again (he is speaking to ex-pagans in Galicia)?

10 From this (your old pagan religions, just like modern day Christians do), you watch for feast days in deviation from Yahuah's New Months, Feasts, and Sacred Year.

11 I am afraid for you, that I have labored over you to no purpose.

12 Brothers, I plead with you, be as I am, for I am like you; for it is not me that you have wronged.

13 You know that on account of the weakness of the flesh, I preached the message to you originally.

14 And yet in your trials of the flesh, you never despised or disdained me; but rather, you welcomed me as a malak of Yahuah, even as Yahusha Messiah Himself.

15 Therefore, where is your joy? For I testify to you, that if it were possible, you would have gouged out your eyes and you would have given them to me.

16 So, have I become your enemy just because I tell you the truth?

17 These people are zealous to win you over, but for no Righteous purpose! What they want is to isolate you from us, so that you will be zealous for them!

18 Be Righteous and be zealous for a Righteous thing always; not just when I am with you.

19 My children (He speaks as a parent both with authority and most tender sympathy as toward weak children) for whom I am again in the pains of childbirth until the character of Messiah is formed in you (Until there be in you all the mind that is in Him)

20 How I long to be present with you at this time, and to change my tone of voice; because I am in doubt of you.


Galatians 4:21-31
Those Who Serve Flesh--Held in Bondage; Those Who Serve Yahuah Freed From Bondage to Sin

21 Tell me, you whose desire is to be under The Law alone, do you not understand what The Law is saying to you?

22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave woman, and one by a free woman.

23 But whereas the child of the slave woman was born after the flesh (demonstrating lack of Faith toward Yahuah’s Promise), the son of the free woman was through the Promise (Eternal life is the Promise for Obedience to His Commandments).

*** we must put what Sha’ul is about to say in context of what Sha’ul taught in Romans 8, see my commentary below. Sha’ul teaches the same thing in Galatians that he taught in Romans, but does so using The Mystery Language i.e. a parable ****

24 Now all this is parable; a story of one thing, which describes another thing, for these two women represent two covenants (The Law of Sin/Death (The Abrahamic Covenant) …. The Law of the Spirit of Life (The Yahushaic Covenant) The first which (Law of Sin and Death) comes from Mount Sinai (The Abrahamic Covenant), and whose children are slaves (to the fear of death Hebrews 2:15), is (symbolized by) Hagar—

25 For this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia--which corresponds to Yerusalem at the present; now in bondage (to the Death Decrees as they killed the Messiah and rejected the Chief Cornerstone, Matthew 21:42) with her children (those who keep The Law out of the fear of death outside of The Yahushaic Covenant, as Obedience without Faith/Love and Faith without Obedience… is Death, James 2:14-26).

26 But Yerusalem above; Yahuah Shammah, however, is (set) free (from death by Yahusha, Hebrews 2:15); and is mother of us all (who enter into The Yahushaic Covenant, who now have a Spirit of Comfort, John 16:7, and Lovingly Obey the Law, Ezekiel 26:26-27),

27 For it is written: (Isaiah 54:1) Rejoice, O barren, you who have not borne! Break forth into singing and cry aloud, you who have not labored with child! For more are the children of the desolate than the children of she who has a husband, says Yahuah.

28 Now we, brothers, like Isaac was, are the children of Promise (that Yahuah will forgive the Death Decrees in The Law, as Yahusha has saved us from bondage to the fear of death by fulfilling the Promise of The Passover Lamb and being resurrected, Hebrews 2).

29 Yet just as at that time, he who was born according to the flesh (and not reborn Spiritually, cannot please Yahuah BECAUSE they cannot subject themselves to His Law, Romans 8:6-8) persecuted the one according to the Spirit (of Loving Obedience to The Law), so is it also now (The Jews and Christians have always persecuted the Nazarenes).

30 However, what does the Scripture say? (Gen 21:10) Cast out the bondwoman and her son (those who break The Law will be cast out, Matthew 13:41), for the son of the bondwoman (those who are condemned by the Death Decrees) will never be heir with the son of the free woman (who has been set from the Death Decrees in The Yahushaic Covenan,t Romans 8).

31 So then, brothers, we are not children of the bondwoman (flesh, held captive to death), but of the free (woman, and have been set free from the bondage of sin and death, Romans 8).



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